According to Kenny Slaught, the Grand Challenges Explorations (GCE) funds individuals globally to explore ideas that can revolutionize how the humanity approaches persistent global health and development challenges. GCE is a $100 million initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and was launched in 2008. More than 1,186 projects in over 61 countries have been awarded GCE grants. Anyone from any organization are welcome to apply for the GCE grant initiative. There is a short two-page online application and no preliminary data required. Initial grants of $100,000 are awarded two times a year. A successful project has the ability to receive a follow-up grant of up to $1 million.